The CMR waybill template

Table of Contents
The CMR international consignment note is a document that proves that a shipment related to the transportation of goods by road has been taken over when the place of loading and the place of unloading are in two different states. This is a contract of carriage that is prepared by the shipper or shipper and countersigned by the carrier. This document serves as proof of the agreement between the two parties regarding the transportation of the goods, the manner and conditions of the shipment which, must be in accordance with the International CMR Convention.

Convention des Marchandises par Route

CMR stands for Convention des Marchandises par Route, signed in Geneva on May 19, 1956, is a contract governing the rules of the international road transport for consideration, when the place of receipt of the goods and the place for redelivery occur in two different countries, at least one of which is a party to the Convention. The CMR document consists of eight chapters and 51 articles, later amended by a protocol in 1976 and made enforceable in Italy by law April 27, 1982 no. 242. In May 27, 2008, an important change was added, a protocol that allows the use of electronic CMR instead of paper CMR as proof of delivery occurred. First to sign the CMR were Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland, then all other European states, Morocco, Tunisia and various Central Asian and Middle Eastern countries joined. As a reminder, the acronym CMR is also used to identify the document that is issued to regulate international road transport, the wording of which is -international waybill- contract developed by the IRU, International Road Union, in a standard way for all countries, in three different languages.

CMR waybill, the main aspects

The main aspects of the international cmr waybill are found in the chapters of the 1956 Geneva Convention concerning the carriage of goods by trucks, lorries and tractor-trailers. Let’s summarize the most important points:
  • The international waybill is different from the bill of lading in that it is a simple title deeds (identification).
  • The waybill is a piece of evidence, especially with regard to any liabilities and special clauses, but the existence of transportation can be proved by any other means.
  • In addition to being valid for road transport, the CMR waybill is also valid in the case of intermodal transport where part of the journey is made by rail, ship and air, provided that there is no interruption of transport.
  • The international waybill is equivalent to the transport card in Traffic Police checks.

How to fill out the Cmr waybill template

Searching the web, it is easy to find the CMR fac simile waybill, a template already set up for easy filling in of all fields. All the way let’s see how to fill out thecmr waybill form , listing all the items and data essential for the document to be valid. Taking into account the Chapter III Article 6 of the Geneva CMR Convention on the carriage of goods by road, the CMR delivery contract must mandatorily have the following particulars:
  • Place and date of its completion;
  • Sender’s name and address;
  • Carrier’s name and address;
  • Place and date of receipt of the goods and expected place of redelivery;
  • Recipient’s name and address;
  • current name of the nature of the goods, kind of packaging and, for dangerous goods, the generally recognized name;
  • Number of packages, their special markings and numbers;
  • Gross weight or otherwise expressed quantity of the goods;
  • expenses related to transportation (transportation price, ancillary expenses, customs duties and other expenses incurred from the conclusion of the transportation contract until redelivery);
  • Instructions required for customs and other formalities;
  • indication that, notwithstanding any clause to the contrary, transportation is governed by this Convention.”
It is therefore essential that the Cmr waybill be filled out correctly in every part and with special care, to avoid penalties in case of roadside checks. In this regard, theArticle 7 of the Convention provides that “the shipper shall be liable for all expenses and damages incurred by the carrier in case of inaccuracy or insufficiency,” further, in theArticle 6 states that. “in the event that the waybill is completed by the carrier, he shall be deemed, until proven otherwise, to be acting on behalf of the sender.” It follows from this that it is always the shipper who is also held responsible for the carrier‘s incorrect completion of the Cmr form.  

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