Freight trucking and warehouse logistics

Table of Contents

Behind the success of a business is also an effective resource optimization process and proper logistics and warehouse management.

Through receiving and storing goods, rotating and making them available, a smooth operation of processes from the production cycle to distribution is ensured.

Trucking and freight
are closely related to each other, as, within the entire process, destruction plays a key role in achieving end-customer satisfaction.

The fundamental principle of warehouse and inventory management is efficiency. Every single resource must be coordinated to achieve a specific goal. With each action taken in the warehouse, there must be a record to be noted in the record of documentationaccompanying the goods.

This makes it possible to know all the movements within the warehouse, verify them and, if necessary, optimize them so as to improve the entire organization.

Transportation Document (DDT)

The transport document (DDT) is a kind of identity card for goods that are shipped out of the warehouse. Contained within it is information that qualifies the goods and services sold or received and, the various actors in the transaction.

Correct compilation involves entering the VAT number of the transferor and the transferee, the document number and date, description of the goods or services and their quantity, reference to who is taking charge of the transportation, with the possibility of relying on an outside carrier as well.

The DDT should be issued before the goods are delivered to the customers or the goods are entrusted to the carrier. Previously, it was also possible to send the document va fax or e-mail to the recipient, even on the day the goods were sent.

Today you can manage the Goods Transport Document digitally, the information to be entered and managed is the same, only the mode of transmission and storage changes.

Logistics officer: the tasks

The warehouse and logistics manager is a professional figure who is in charge of all those organizational, managerial and strategic activities within the company that, concern material flows and their information from the origins of procurement from suppliers, to the delivery of goods to end customers and after-sales.

In other words, it is the warehouse logistics officer who must best organize the sorting, handling, and storage of goods. He also manages the purchasing and delivery schedule together with the sales managers. Manages warehouse inventory and coordinates the activities of other resources within the warehouse.

Usually, this professional is an employee, but it is also possible to fill this position as an outside consultant.

In order to fill this role, it is important that the person has attended a warehouse management and logistics course and has acquired all the knowledge and skills necessary to perform their duties to the best of their ability.

In brief, here are the main tasks of the logistics officer :

  • Organize freight and storage operations and systems
  • Organize and manage distribution centers for receiving and sorting goods
  • Monitor order deliveries to distribution centers and then to stores
  • Monitor deliveries made
  • Monitor the integrity of goods
  • Operations cost control
  • Organize a computerized system of all orders
  • Have problem solving skills in relation to the transportation of goods.

In some settings, the logistics officer also performs hands-on tasks such as loading and unloading goods with a forklift; preparing pallets and shipments; and general warehouse tidying.

The procedures it must perform may be more or less complex, depending on the size of the enterprise.

The transportation of goods

Before proceeding with the transportation of goods, it is necessary to check that they have been properly placed inside the trucking vehicle.

In fact, after the goods have been positioned and prepared for transport, it is necessary to check that the trailer waiting for loading at the dock is the right one.

The weight of the goods on the truck must be well distributed, avoiding overloading only on certain points, especially in road transport. Finally, you have to hand over the documentation (DDT) for the transporter to sign.

For more information on the grading of logistics and freight workers, one must consult the Collective Bargaining Agreement for Freight Transport and Logistics, the national collective bargaining agreement for this sector.

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